In search of a new tool for phenotyping tick resistance in cattle

Oswald Matika, Sarah Foster, Naftaly Githaka, Charles Mwendia, Helen Brown, Kellie Watson, Appolinaire Djikeng, Michael Birkett

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Ticks and tick borne diseases cause significant loss in livestock production with about 80% world’s cattle at risk. The cost of chemical control is high and there is an ever increasing tick resistance to chemicals. Genetic selection as alternative long term control strategy is constrained by laborious phenotyping using tick counts or scores. This study explores the use of host volatile semiochemicals that may be attractants or repellents to ticks as a novel phenotype with potential to be used as a proxy in selection programmes. About a 100 young cattle composed of Bos indicus and Bos Taurus were artificially infested with 2,500 R. decoloratus larvae with daily female ticks (4.5mm) counts taken from day 20 post infection. Volatile compounds we sampled before and after tick infestation. We identified three pre-infestation volatile compounds that were associated with tick resistance (p-value < 0.01) and one post infestation (p-value < 0.05) using 6 day repeated measure analysis. The high correlation coefficients (r=0.66) between repeated records with all volatile compounds support the potential predictive value for volatile compounds in selective breeding programmes for tick resistance in cattle.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2022
EventWorld Congress on Genetics Applied Livestock Production
- Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 3 Jul 20228 Jul 2022
https://wcgalp.com/

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress on Genetics Applied Livestock Production
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityRotterdam
Period3/07/228/07/22
Internet address

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Ticks and tick borne diseases
  • Volatile compounds
  • dairy and zebu cattle
  • tick resistance
  • host volatile semiochemicals
  • Kenya

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