In silico exploration of the mechanisms that underlie parasite-induced anorexia in sheep

Yan C. S. M. Laurenson*, Stephen C. Bishop, Ilias Kyriazakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A model was used to investigate two mechanisms describing reductions in food intake (anorexia) observed during gastrointestinal parasitism in lambs, and to explore relationships between anorexia and food composition. The mechanisms were either a reduction in intrinsic growth rate, leading to a consequent reduction in food intake (mechanism 1; M1), or a direct reduction in food intake (mechanism 2; M2). For both mechanisms, lambs growing from 2 to 6 months of age were modelled, with one of three levels of trickle challenge with Teladorsagia circumcincta. Scenarios were simulated for feeds varying in either protein or energy content, or both. Major differences were found between the predictions resulting from M1 and M2 on low-energy foods that constrained the intake of uninfected lambs through bulk. With M1, food intake was governed by the first operating constraint, whereas with M2 an additivity of constraints was observed. On the other foods, the duration of anorexia increased with increasing energy content of feed for M1, whilst the duration of anorexia decreased with increasing protein content of feed for M2.For foods that did not have an impact upon lambs' gastrointestinal tract capacity, published data were consistent with predictions of M2. Due to an absence of experimental data, no conclusions could be drawn for relationships between anorexia and food composition in the presence of other limiting constraints, such as bulk for low-energy foods. In conclusion, available experimental data and model predictions were consistent with anorexia having an impact directly on food intake, and with impacts of anorexia increasing with decreasing protein content.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1023-1039
Number of pages17
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume106
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • FEED-INTAKE
  • SIMPLE-MODEL
  • FOOD-INTAKE
  • GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITISM
  • Lambs
  • TRICHOSTRONGYLUS-COLUBRIFORMIS
  • GROWING LAMBS
  • DIET SELECTION
  • Food composition
  • HOST NUTRITION
  • TELADORSAGIA-CIRCUMCINCTA
  • NEMATODE INFECTION
  • Nematodes
  • Modelling

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