In-situ monitoring of thermal refurbishment on pre-1919 properties in Scotland

Julio Bros-Williamson*, Jon Stinson, Celine Garnier, John Currie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work analyses the use of in-situ monitoring techniques to establish the building performance of pre-1919
traditionally constructed buildings and evaluate different thermal refurbishment strategies using component U-values as
a recognised indicator of building envelope performance. The buildings monitored were of traditional construction (solid
wall), some of which were listed or in a conservation area, constructed from lime‐bonded rubble or ashlar, typically
circa 500 mm thick, with natural slate or tile roofs, timber doors and single glazed windows. In-situ pre-intervention U-Values
were obtained after monitoring each building component constituting the existing building envelope and again at
post-intervention; where insulation materials were added at varying interfaces. Using the improvement data, two case
studies were modelled using the UK Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) software; showing that significantly reduced
levels of building heat loss and carbon dioxide emission were achieved after thermal rehabilitation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Construction
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014


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