In vitro antitumour activity of the novel imidazoisoquinoline SDZ 62-434

V G Brunton, P Workman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The novel imidazoisoquinoline SDZ 62-434, originally identified as a platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist, has antiproliferative activity in a range of cell lines from human solid and haematological malignancies. Using an MTT cytotoxicity assay, IC50 values of 5 microM - 111 microM were observed following a 24 h exposure. Similar results were obtained using a clonogenic assay. The HT29 colon adenocarcinoma was particularly sensitive while the MCF-7 breast carcinoma was the most resistant in our panel. Only a 2-3 fold cross-resistance was seen in the doxorubicin and cisplatin resistant variants of the A2780 ovarian carcinoma; the drug did not modulate sensitivity to doxorubicin in either parent or resistant lines. No cross-resistance to SDZ 62-434 was seen in a doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 variant. Cytotoxicity was not due to non-specific membrane lysis. The potent PAF antagonist WEB 2086 did not modulate SDZ 62-434 cytotoxicity, indicating no role for PAF receptors. Precursor incorporation studies in A2780 cells showed that DNA synthesis was inhibited more effectively than protein synthesis while RNA synthesis was unaffected. SDZ 62-434 inhibited both bombesin and platelet-derived growth factor-induced DNA synthesis in quiescent Swiss 3T3 cells. This suggests a possible role for SDZ 62-434 as an inhibitor of signal transduction in cancer cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)989-95
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume67
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1993

Keywords

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Membrane
  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Resistance
  • Female
  • Imidazoles
  • Isoquinolines
  • Mice
  • Mitosis
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Platelet Activating Factor
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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