Bovine alloreactive cytotoxic lymphocyte (CTL) lines of known target specificity were infected in vitro with sporozoites of Theileria annulata and T parva and cultured in limiting dilution. The phenotypes of the CTL lines both pre- and post infection were assessed using a panel of monoclonal antibodies specific for defined bovine lymphocyte subpopulations. The effector function of the resultant infected cell lines was determined using a Cr51 release assay and compared to the uninfected control CTL line. The results indicated that T parva sporozoites consistently infected and transformed the CTL lines very efficiently even at the lowest cell doses. In contrast the T annulata sporozoites were largely unable to infect and transform the alloreactive CTL except at the very highest cell and sporozoite doses. A factor which appeared to influence susceptibility to T annulata infection was an increased level of class II expression on the CTL line. None of the cell lines showed cytotoxic effector function after infection with either T annulata or T parva sporozoites.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Research in Veterinary Science|
|Publication status||Published - May 1989|
- Cell Line
- T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic