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Just 37% of diarrhoea reports were associated with a veterinary visit and the proportion was even lower for vomiting at 28%; indicating that studies of veterinary practice data miss the majority of signs of gastrointestinal upset. In terms of frequency and duration, diarrhoea typically needed to last two days before the dog would be taken to the vet but if the dog vomited at least every six hours, the owner would be more likely to take the dog to the vet after one day.
The illness rates of both signs peaked when the dogs were aged between three and six months. There was also a seasonal pattern to the incidents with the lowest hazards for both in May. Diarrhoea incidents peaked in August-September each year but, while vomiting appeared to be higher in September, it peaked in February. Having another dog in the household was associated with a lower hazard for both vomiting and diarrhoea but having a cat was only associated with a reduced hazard of vomiting.
In addition to the distinct seasonal patterns of reporting, there were clear differences in the geographic risks for the two signs. The hazard of diarrhoea was positively associated with human population density within Great Britain (according to home post code) whereas no significant geographical association was found with vomiting.
This study is particularly relevant for dog owners because it highlights the wealth of gastrointestinal illnesses in dogs that are dealt with by owners but never seen by veterinarians. The risk factor analyses make use of owner-reported demographic information, highlighting the differences between vomiting and diarrhoea. The analyses give rise to the possibility that the presence of other pets in households may affect rates of illness and indicate new avenues for investigations of these distinct, and oft-suffered conditions.
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Incidence rates and risk factor analyses for owner reported vomiting and diarrhoea in Labrador Retrievers – findings from the Dogslife Cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 2 Finished
Tenesa, A., Archibald, A., Beard, P., Bishop, S., Bronsvoort, M., Burt, D., Freeman, T., Haley, C., Hocking, P., Houston, R., Hume, D., Joshi, A., Law, A., Michoel, T., Summers, K., Vernimmen, D., Watson, M., Wiener, P., Wilson, A., Woolliams, J., Ait-Ali, T., Barnett, M., Carlisle, A., Finlayson, H., Haga, I., Karavolos, M., Matika, O., Paterson, T., Paton, B., Pong-Wong, R., Robert, C. & Robertson, G.
1/04/12 → 31/03/17