Increase in NF-kappaB binding affinity of the variant C allele of the toll-like receptor 9 -1237T/C polymorphism is associated with Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric disease

Mike Tsz Hin Ng, Rob Van't Hof, Julie C Crockett, Mairi E Hope, Susan Berry, John Thomson, Mairi H McLean, Kenneth E L McColl, Emad M El-Omar, Georgina L Hold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Colonization of the gastric mucosa by Helicobacter pylori can lead to serious clinical outcomes, including gastric cancer. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in the host response to H. pylori through the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. TLR9, in particular, is partly responsible for initiating bacterial induced immunity by binding unmethylated CpG-DNA, which is abundant in bacteria. A well-documented single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within the TLR9 promoter (TLR9 -1237T/C), is associated with a variety of inflammatory disorders, including allergic asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, and atopy. Analysis of the TLR9 promoter gene sequence has shown that carriage of the variant "C" allele at position -1237 creates a potential NF-kappaB binding site that would theoretically increase the transcriptional activity of the gene. In this study, we report that the TLR9 -1237 C allele was significantly associated with the development of H. pylori-induced premalignant gastric changes. Functional analysis of the SNP, supporting the data generated from the genetic association study, showed that carriage of the C allele increased TLR9 transcriptional activity driven mainly by activation of NF-kappaB. Collectively, these findings confirm that the TLR9 -1237T/C polymorphism is a risk factor for the development of H. pylori-induced premalignant gastric changes and provide a plausible mechanistic explanation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1345-52
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Frequency
  • Helicobacter Infections
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Humans
  • NF-kappa B
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Binding
  • Scotland
  • Toll-Like Receptor 9
  • Up-Regulation

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