Neuropeptides in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of pain and neurogenic inflammation in experimental and clinical arthritis. Recently we demonstrated increased levels of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) confined to innervating DRG in adjuvant-mediated monoarthritis. We have now investigated whether changes in peptide content are reflected in altered neuropeptide gene expression and the time course involved. Using in situ hybridization we found marked increases in expression of beta-preprotachykinin (PPT; 81 +/- 24% rise) and alpha-CGRP (44 +/- 6% rise) mRNAs in innervating (ipsilateral L5) DRG neurones only. These increases occured at the onset of acute inflammation (8 h) and persisted until chronic arthritis developed after 14 days. There were no changes in the proportion of DRG neurones expressing PPT or CGRP mRNAs. Messenger RNA encoding vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) was not induced. These data suggest that increased synthesis of PPT and CGRP peptides in DRG may play a role in the pathogenesis both of adjuvant-mediated acute inflammation and chronic arthritis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Molecular brain research|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1992|