Increased maternal BMI is associated with an increased risk of minor complications during pregnancy with consequent cost implications

F. C. Denison, G. Norrie, B. Graham, J. Lynch, N. Harper, R. M. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the effect of maternal body mass index (BMI) on minor complications, associated additional medication use during pregnancy and the consequent cost implications.

Design

Retrospective analysis of case notes.

Setting

Labour wards, tertiary referral hospital, Royal Infirmary Edinburgh, UK.

Population

Six hundred and fifty-one women with a singleton pregnancy over four separate time periods in 2007 and 2008.

Methods

Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis and cost analysis using standard techniques and inflation indices.

Main outcome measures

Minor complications, use of medications during pregnancy and consequent incremental costs from the perspective of the National Health Service (NHS).

Results

42.4% of women were overweight or obese (BMI >= 25 kg/m(2)). Higher BMI during the first trimester (BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) compared with BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) was associated with an increased risk of minor complications including symphysis pubis dysfunction (OR 3.97; 95% CI 2.19-7.18), heartburn (OR 2.65; 95% CI 1.42-4.94) and chest infection (OR 8.71; 95% 2.20-34.44) and with drugs used to treat these complications including Gaviscon (OR 3.52; 95% CI 1.78-6.96). The mean incremental (additional) NHS costs per woman for treating minor complications increased with maternal BMI were 15.45 pound/woman, 17.64 pound/woman and 48.66 pound/woman for BMI < 25 kg/m(2), BMI >= 25 to < 30 kg/m(2) and BMI >= 30 kg/m(2) respectively.

Conclusions

Increased maternal BMI is associated with increased risk of developing minor complications during pregnancy; use of medications associated with treating these conditions and has significant NHS costs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1467-1472
Number of pages6
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume116
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

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