Indeterminate solid hepatic lesions identified on non-diagnostic contrast-enhanced computed tomography: Assessment of the additional diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the non-cirrhotic liver

Emilio Quaia*, Luca De Paoli, Roberta Angileri, Biagio Cabibbo, Maria Assunta Cova

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective To assess the additional diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the characterization of indeterminate solid hepatic lesions identified on non-diagnostic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). Methods Fifty-five solid hepatic lesions (1-4 cm in diameter) in 46 non-cirrhotic patients (26 female, 20 male; age ± SD, 55 ± 10 years) underwent CEUS after being detected on contrast-enhanced CT which was considered as non-diagnostic after on-site analysis. Two blinded independent readers assessed CT and CEUS scans and were asked to classify retrospectively each lesion as a malignant or benign based on reference diagnostic criteria for the different hepatic lesion histotypes. Diagnostic accuracy and confidence (area - Az - under ROC curve) were assessed by using gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (n = 30 lesions), histology (n = 7 lesions), or US follow-up (n = 18 lesions) as the reference standards. Results Final diagnoses included 29 hemangiomas, 3 focal nodular hyperplasias, 1 hepatocellular adenoma, and 22 metastases. The additional review of CEUS after CT images improved significantly (P z, 95% Confidence Intervals before vs after CEUS review =.773 [.652-.895] vs.997 [.987-1] - reader 1 and.831 [.724-.938] vs.998 [.992-1] - reader 2). Conclusions CEUS improved the characterization of indeterminate solid hepatic lesions identified on non-diagnostic contrast-enhanced CT by identifying some specific contrast enhancement patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CT
  • Liver
  • Microbubbles
  • Ultrasound

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