Inhibition of monocyte complement receptor enhancement by low molecular weight material from human lung cancers

E J Glass, C A Abell, A B Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have studied the effect of dialysates from lung cancer homogenates to alter both the expression of complement (C3b) receptors per se and also to inhibit leucoattractant-induced enhancement of complement rosettes on monocytes from healthy individuals. Enhancement and enhancement-inhibition by tumour extracts were compared with material derived from normal lung excised from distance from the tumour. There was no significant difference between tumour homogenate (TH) and normal lung homogenate (NLH) in terms of enhancement of complement rosettes per se. In contrast, TH produced a dose- and time-dependent inhibition of leucoattractant-induced enhancement of C3b rosettes which was significantly different from that obtained with NLH. This enhancement-inhibition was observed with four undifferentiated, four squamous and three adenocarcinomas of lung. The degree of enhancement-inhibition was not related to the type of tumour or varying accompanying histological features such as necrosis and the degree of infiltration with inflammatory cells. Following gel filtration on Sephadex G-50 each type of cancer gave a major peak of inhibitory activity which eluted with molecules having an apparent molecular size of approximately 3,000 daltons. A second larger peak (8,000-10,000 daltons) was also detected with extracts from the undifferentiated and adenocarcinomas. These results support previous findings, mainly from experimental animals, indicating that 'anti-macrophage/monocyte principles' are elaborated from certain tumour types.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-8
Number of pages9
JournalClinical & Experimental Immunology
Volume43
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1981

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Complement C3b
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Molecular Weight
  • Monocytes
  • Receptors, Complement
  • Rosette Formation

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