Injury and differentiation following inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV in rat oligodendrocytes

Iryna Ziabreva, Graham Campbell, Julia Rist, Jessica Zambonin, Joanna Rorbach, Mateusz M Wydro, Hans Lassmann, Robin J M Franklin, Don Mahad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oligodendrocyte lineage cells are susceptible to a variety of insults including hypoxia, excitotoxicity, and reactive oxygen species. Demyelination is a well-recognized feature of several CNS disorders including multiple sclerosis, white matter strokes, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, and disorders due to mitochondrial DNA mutations. Although mitochondria have been implicated in the demise of oligodendrocyte lineage cells, the consequences of mitochondrial respiratory chain defects have not been examined. We determine the in vitro impact of established inhibitors of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV or cytochrome c oxidase on oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) and mature oligodendrocytes as well as on differentiation capacity of OPCs from P0 rat. Injury to mature oligodendrocytes following complex IV inhibition was significantly greater than to OPCs, judged by cell detachment and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) changes, although viability of cells that remained attached was not compromised. Active mitochondria were abundant in processes of differentiated oligodendrocytes and MMP was significantly greater in differentiated oligodendrocytes than OPCs. MMP dissipated following complex IV inhibition in oligodendrocytes. Furthermore, complex IV inhibition impaired process formation within oligodendrocyte lineage cells. Injury to and impaired process formation of oligodendrocytes following complex IV inhibition has potentially important implications for the pathogenesis and repair of CNS myelin disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1827-37
Number of pages11
JournalGlia
Volume58
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Apoptosis Inducing Factor
  • Brain
  • Caspase 9
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electron Transport Complex IV
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial
  • Mitochondria
  • Neuroglia
  • Oligodendroglia
  • Rats
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Sodium Azide
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Stem Cells
  • Time Factors

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Injury and differentiation following inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV in rat oligodendrocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this