Innate immune traits differ between Meishan and Large White pigs

M Clapperton*, SC Bishop, EJ Glass

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A panel of innate immune traits were compared between Meishan and Large White pigs. These pigs were of similar age and kept under the same environmental conditions to reduce non-genetically derived variation in immune traits. The animals were all apparently healthy and were not experimentally challenged with any pathogen during the study. The measures only required a small blood sample. Total white cell counts were similar between the pig breeds. However, the numbers of lymphocytes, neutrophils and monocytes differed significantly, with Meishans having higher neutrophil and monocyte counts and lower lymphocyte counts. Flow cytometric methods were used to determine quantitatively the characteristics and function of neutrophils and monocytes. Meishan neutrophils were smaller and less complex than Large White neutrophils, and phagocytosis of Escherichia coli and the ensuing oxidative burst was lower in Meishan neutrophils compared to Large White neutrophils. Monocyte phagocytosis of E. coli was significantly less than that of neutrophils in both breeds but the function of Meishan monocytes as measured by phagocytosis and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) release did not differ from that of Large White monocytes. Levels of acute phase proteins also differed between the breeds with a significantly higher proportion of Meishans having elevated serum amyloid A levels. However, Meishans had lower alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein levels than Large Whites and haptoglobin levels were similar. Such differences in innate immune traits may have implications in the resistance to infection by a broad range of pathogens and subsequent disease effects in these breeds. Further studies are warranted to investigate the genes underlying these traits. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-144
Number of pages14
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume104
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2005

Keywords

  • pig
  • innate immunity
  • genetics
  • acute phase protein
  • oxidant production
  • phagocytosis
  • HUMAN POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES
  • SERUM-HAPTOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION
  • RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS
  • ACUTE-PHASE RESPONSE
  • MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES
  • BONE-MARROW
  • MYCOPLASMA-HYORHINIS
  • GROWTH-PERFORMANCE
  • OXIDATIVE BURST
  • LOCI

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