Insights into the hidden node problem

Athanasia Tsertou, David Laurenson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


A promising new class of wireless networks has recently emerged, the so-called Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs). WMNs inherit many advantages from both wired infrastructure and also ad-hoc networks. However, in spite of their distinct characteristics, they also face many technical problems that were present in older classes of wireless networks, such as wireless LANs or pure ad-hoc networks. The much discussed hidden terminal problem is one of them. We argue that an accurate analysis of the effect of hidden nodes in the performance of a random access protocol is still an open issue. In this paper we show the problems and the limitations stemming from common assumptions used in the literature and propose a novel method of modeling time that uses a fixed size channel slot as the unit of time in order to take into account the desynchronisation of nodes. Finally we apply our general method to the classic hidden terminal problem incorporating an iterative step. The proposed analytical model is shown to have a very good match to simulation results for an IEEE 802.11 MAC protocol.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIWCMC '06: Proceedings of the 2006 international conference on Wireless communications and mobile computing
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, USA
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Wireless Mesh Network, CSMA/CA, IEEE 802.11, hidden terminal, desynchronisation


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