This Review allows the presentation of what is currently considered best practice in the use of economics in animal health, and it looks at where economics could be incorporated into animal health investments and programmes to ensure that the allocation of resources is both proportionate and timely. Understanding the socio-economic circumstances in which animal diseases emerge, are maintained and spread, is both a part of economic impact assessments and a basis for multidisciplinary assessments of animal health interventions. Such assessments need to consider animal welfare and take into account the value that society places on this important aspect of animal care. In addition to changes in public attitudes towards animal health and welfare, there has been a shift in the way the world uses and views economics. The neo-classical basis of economic assessment is under scrutiny and alternative views of how to assess people’s behaviour have been proposed. These are applicable to an animal health context and need to be explored if economics is to add value to animal disease management and to overall leadership on animal health and welfare policies and standards.
|Journal||Revue scientifique et technique-Office international des epizooties|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2017|
- Climate change
- Cost-effectiveness analysis
- Greenhouse gas mitigation
- Livestock health