Interfacial rheology of model particles at liquid interfaces and its relation to (bicontinuous) Pickering emulsions

Job Thijssen, Jan Vermant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Interface-dominated materials are commonly encountered in both science and technology, and typical examples include foams and emulsions. Conventionally stabilised by surfactants, emulsions can also be stabilised by micron-sized particles. These so-called Pickering-Ramsden (PR) emulsions have received substantial interest, as they are model arrested systems, rather ubiquitous in industry and promising templates for advanced materials. The mechanical properties of the particle-laden liquid-liquid interface, probed via interfacial rheology, have been shown to play an important role in the formation and stability of PR emulsions. However, the morphological processes which control the formation of emulsions and foams in mixing devices, such as deformation, break-up, and coalescence, are complex and diverse, making it difficult to identify the precise role of the interfacial rheological properties. Interestingly, the role of interfacial rheology in the stability of bicontinuous PR emulsions (bijels) has been virtually unexplored, even though the phase separation process which leads to the formation of these systems is relatively simple and the interfacial deformation processes can be better conceptualised. Hence, the aims of this topical review are twofold. First, we review the existing literature on the interfacial rheology of particle-laden liquid interfaces in rheometrical flows, focussing mainly on model latex suspensions consisting of polystyrene particles carrying sulfate groups, which have been most extensively studied to date. The goal of this part of the review is to identify the generic features of the rheology of such systems. Secondly, we will discuss the relevance of these results to the formation and stability of Pickering-Ramsden emulsions and bijels.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023002
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • interfacial rheology
  • COLLOIDAL PARTICLES
  • LIQUID INTERFACES
  • Pickering
  • EMULSIONS
  • FOAMS
  • bijels
  • bicontinuous

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