International Value-Added Linkages in Development Accounting

Alejandro Cunat, Robert Zymek

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


We generalise the traditional development-accounting framework to an open-
economy setting. In addition to factor endowments and productivity, relative factor costs emerge as a source of real-income variation across countries. These are determined by bilateral trade frictions (which underpin the patterns of “international value-added linkages”) and the global distribution of factor endowments and final expenditures. We use information on endowments, trade balances and value-added trade to back out the relative factor costs of 40 major economies in a theory-consistent manner. This reduces the variation in “residual” TFP required to explain the observed per-capita income differences by more than one half.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2018
EventPPP/ICP Conference 2018 Georgetown University - Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States
Duration: 25 May 201826 May 2018


ConferencePPP/ICP Conference 2018 Georgetown University
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington DC
Internet address


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