Adaptive gene flow is a consequential evolutionary phenomenon across all kingdoms of life. While recognition of widespread gene flow is growing, examples lack of bidirectional gene flow mediating adaptations at specific loci that cooperatively manage core cellular processes. We previously described concerted molecular changes among physically interacting members of the meiotic machinery controlling crossover number and distribution upon adaptation to whole genome duplication (WGD) in Arabidopsis arenosa. Here we conduct a population genomic study to test the hypothesis that adaptation to WGD was mediated by adaptive gene flow between A. arenosa and its congener Arabidopsis lyrata. We show that A. lyrata underwent WGD more recently than A. arenosa, indicating that specific pre-adapted alleles donated by A. arenosa underwent selection, but at the same time, we detect specific signals of gene flow in the opposite direction at other functionally interacting gene coding loci that display dramatic signatures of selective sweep in both tetraploid species. Cytological analysis shows that A. lyrata tetraploids exhibit similar levels of variable meiotic stability as A. arenosa tetraploids. Taken together, these data indicate that bidirectional gene flow allowed for survival of the young autopolyploids and suggest that the merger of these species is greater than the sum of their parts.