Intestinal fork head regulates nutrient absorption and promotes longevity

Ekin Bolukbasi, Mobina Khericha, Jennifer Regan, Dobril Ivanov, Jennifer Adcott, Miranda C. Dyson, Tobias Nespital, Janet M Thornton, Nazif Alic, Linda Partridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reduced activity of nutrient-sensing signalingnetworks can extend organismal lifespan, yet the un-derlying biology remains unclear. We show that theanti-aging effects of rapamycin and reduced intesti-nal insulin/insulin growth factor (IGF) signaling (IIS)require the Drosophila FoxA transcrip tion factorhomolog Fork Head (FKH). Intestinal FKH inductionextends lifespan, highlighting a role for the gut.FKH binds to and is phosphorylated by AKT andTarget of Rapamycin. Gut-specific FKH upregulationimproves gut barrier function in aged flies. Addition-ally, it increases the expression of nutrient trans-porters, as does lowered IIS. Evolutionary conserva-tion of this effect of lowered IIS is suggested by theupregulation of related nutrient transporters in insulinreceptor substrate 1 knockout mouse intestine. Ourstudy highlights a critical role played by FKH in thegut in mediating anti-aging effects of reduced IIS.Malnutrition caused by poor intestinal abso rption isa major problem in the elderly, and a better under-standing of the mechanisms involved will haveimportant therapeutic implications for human aging.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-653
Number of pages12
JournalCell Reports
Volume21
Issue number3
Early online date17 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • ageing
  • intestine
  • nutrient
  • drosophila
  • FOXA
  • absorption
  • enterocytes
  • insulin
  • lifespan
  • longevity
  • midgut

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