Intraprotoplasmic and wall-localised formation of arabinoxylan-bound diferulates and larger ferulate coupling-products in maize cell-suspension cultures

S C Fry, S C Willis, A E J Paterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L.) cell cultures incorporated radioactivity from [C-14]cinnamate into hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA derivatives and then into polysaccharide-bound feruloyl residues. Within 5-20 min, the CoA pool had lost its C-14 by turnover and little or no further incorporation into polysaccharides then occurred. The system was thus effectively a pulse-chase experiment. Kinetics of radiolabelling of diferulates (also known as dehydrodiferulates) varied with culture age: In young (1-3 d) cultures, polysaccharide-bound [C-14]feruloyl- and [C-14]diferuloyl residues were both detectable within 1 min of [C-14]cinnamate feeding. Thus, feruloyl residues were dimerised <1 min after their attachment to polysaccharides. For at least the first 2.3 h after [C-14]cinnamate feeding, polysaccharide-bound [C-14]diferuloyl residues remained almost constant at <approximate to>7% of the total polysaccharide-bound [C-14]ferulate derivatives. Since feruloyl residues are attached to polysaccharides < 1 min after the biosynthesis of the latter, and > 10 min before secretion, the data show that extensive feruloyl coupling occurred intra-protoplasmically. Exogenous H2O2 (1 mM) caused little additional feruloyl coupling; therefore, wall-localised coupling may have been peroxidase-limited. In older (e.g. 4 d) cultures, less intraprotoplasmic coupling occurred: during the first 2.5 h, polysaccharide-bound [C-14]diferuloyl residues were a steady 1.4% Of the total polysaccharide-bound [C-14]ferulate derivatives. In contrast to the situation ill younger cultures, exogenous H2O2 induced a rapid 4- to 6-fold increase in all coupling products. indicating that coupling in the walls was H2O2-limited. In both 2- and 4-d-old cultures, polysaccharide-bound C-14-trimers and larger coupling products exceeded d [C-14]diferulates 3- to 4-fold, but followed similar kinetics. Thus, although all known dimers of ferulate can now be individually quantified, it appears to be trimers and larger products that make the major contribution to cross-linking of wall polysaccharides in cultured maize cells. We argue that feruloyl arabinoxylans that are cross-linked before and after secretion are likely to loosen and tighten the cell wall, respectively. The consequences for the control of cell expansion and for the response of cell walls to an oxidative burst are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-692
Number of pages14
JournalPlanta
Volume211
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2000

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Intraprotoplasmic and wall-localised formation of arabinoxylan-bound diferulates and larger ferulate coupling-products in maize cell-suspension cultures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this