Graminaceous primary cell walls contain polysaccharides to which are esterified feruloyl residues. Ester biosynthesis is highly specific and the present experiments were performed to ascertain the likely site of feruloylation in living grass cell cultures. Cell cultures of tall fescue grass (Festuca arundinacea Schreber) incorporated exogenous L-[1-H-3]arabinose into polymers at a linear rate after a short lag of approx. 1-3 min. Radiolabelled polymers did not start to accumulate in the culture medium until 20-35 min after [H-3]arabinose was supplied. However, polymer-bound feruloyl-arabinose residues began to accumulate H-3 after a lag of 1-3 min. Assuming that the onset of secretion of radiolabelled polymers into the medium indicates the time before which essentially all the radiolabel was internal to the plasma membrane, the results show that the polysaccharide-bound [H-3]arabinose residues must have been feruloylated within the protoplast.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1994|