Intravesical Prostatic Protrusion is Better Than Prostate Volume in Predicting the Outcome of Trial Without Catheter in White Men Presenting With Acute Urinary Retention: A Prospective Clinical Study

Paramananthan Mariappan*, David J.G. Brown, Alan S. McNeill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Purpose: Trial without catheter after a short course of an α-blocker in men presenting with acute urinary retention is successful in up to 50% of cases. The ability to better predict outcome could avoid a trial without catheter for some men. Intravesical prostatic protrusion and not prostate volume has been shown to predict trial without catheter outcome in an Asian cohort. We investigated the relationship between the outcome of trial without catheter and prostate volume and intravesical prostatic protrusion in white men given α-blockers before a trial without catheter. Materials and Methods: Consecutive men 50 years old or older presenting with acute urinary retention were prospectively recruited based on strict selection criteria. At presentation factors thought to precipitate acute urinary retention were treated, α-blocker therapy started and the patient brought back for a trial without catheter after 2 weeks. Prostate volume and intravesical prostatic protrusion were measured by standard transrectal ultrasonography. Results: Of 121 men presenting with acute urinary retention 57 fulfilled the study selection criteria. Mean (± SD) age, prostate volume and intravesical prostatic protrusion of recruited men were 70 ± 9.2 years, 69.7 ± 36.3 ml and 12.8 ± 10.1 mm, respectively. A total of 25 men (43.9%) had a successful trial without catheter. Mean intravesical prostatic protrusion was significantly smaller in those who had a successful trial without catheter (7.2 vs 16.5 mm, 95% CI 4.5-14, p <0.001). With intravesical prostatic protrusion correlating well with prostate volume (r = 0.588), mean prostate volume was also smaller in men with a successful trial without catheter, albeit with a smaller effect size. Men with an intravesical prostatic protrusion of 10 mm or less, compared to those with a larger intravesical prostatic protrusion, were 6 times more likely to have a successful trial without catheter. Conclusions: In this cohort presenting with acute urinary retention related to benign prostatic hyperplasia and receiving α-blockers before a trial without catheter, intravesical prostatic protrusion appears to strongly predict the outcome of a trial without catheter. A trial without catheter is more likely to fail in patients with intravesical prostatic protrusion larger than 10 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-577
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • catheterization
  • organ size
  • prognosis
  • treatment outcome
  • urinary retention

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