Investigating Mar’s recent surface habitability via correlative petrology and highly siderophile element systematics in meteorites.

Nicola Mari, Amy Riches

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Establishing the distribution and history of bioessential elements, e.g., C-H-N-O-P-S, among Martian meteorites is fundamentally important to understanding potential habitability beyond Earth. The Tissint meteorite, an observed
fall with a crystallisation age of 547 ± 20 Ma1, was shocked at ≥29 GPa during impact ejection at ~1 Ma2 and preserves a range of organic compounds considered to be of Martian origin3 . To investigate the significance of the theorised retention of Martian surface material incorporated into Tissint
at its moment of impact ejection, we here report Re-Os isotope systematics and highly siderophile element (HSE including Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Pd, Re) abundances characteristics of four different fragments (~10 to 40 mg) of Tissint using a
new study approach4 in which sample fractions were compositionally mapped prior to digestion. Our results document intra-sample HSE abundance
variations (Os, 0.1-2.4; Ir, 0.3-0.9; Ru, 0.2-5.1; Pt, 6.5-31; Pd, 12.8-34.5; Re, 0.4-0.8) and their relationship to known textural features and mineral distributions. Internal variability in Tissint’s HSE patterns (Re/Os, 0.2-3.1; Pt/Os, 2.7-170.3; Os/Ir, 0.2-7.4) and 187Os/188Os compositions (0.11-0.17), as
well as corresponding textural characteristics, support a model in which Martian regolith and a chondritic component were assimilated during recent impact shock events. These findings lead us to propose a model in which sulphur has
been mobilised and has transferred HSE extraneous to Tissint’s earlier parent magma during impact. Thus, elemental and isotopic characteristics of this assimilated sulphur place key constraints on recent and potentially transient conditions favourable to life on the Martian surface.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
EventGoldschmidt 2020 - Virtual
Duration: 21 Jun 202026 Jun 2020
https://goldschmidt.info/2020/

Conference

ConferenceGoldschmidt 2020
Period21/06/2026/06/20
Internet address

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