Investigating sex bias in the AQ-10: A replication study

Aja Louise Murray, Thomas Booth, Bonnie Auyeung, Karen McKenzie, Renate Kuenssberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are concerns that females with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be under-identified because of factors such as better camouflaging and poorer recognition of the signs of ASD in females. One stage at which females may be under-identified is during screening. In this study we, therefore, evaluated whether the AQ-10, a brief recommended screening instrument for ASD in adults suspected of having ASD, showed any evidence of under-estimating symptoms in females. Our results broadly replicate those of an earlier study in finding no strong evidence that the AQ-10 is biased against females. However, to achieve better performance in females we suggest that one item be replaced with an item measuring more ‘female’ manifestations of ASD.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date28 Sep 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Sep 2017


  • autism screening
  • AQ-10
  • sex bias
  • female autism


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