Investigating the effects of mindfulness meditation on a digital learning game for mathematics

Huy A. Nguyen*, Zsofia K. Takacs, Enikő O. Bereczki, J. Elizabeth Richey, Michael Mogessie, Bruce M. McLaren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

Mindfulness has been shown in prior studies to be an effective device to help students develop self-regulatory skills, including executive functions. However, these effects have been rarely tested at scale in technology-assisted learning systems such as digital learning games. In this work, we investigate the effects of mindfulness in the context of playing and learning with Decimal Point, a digital learning game for mathematics. We conducted a study with 5th and 6th grade students in which three conditions were compared - the game with short mindfulness meditations integrated, the game with similar-length, age-appropriate stories integrated, and the game in its original form. From the study results, we found no differences in time spent on the game, error rates while playing, or learning outcomes across the three conditions. Embedding mindfulness prompts within the game did not enhance learning or change students’ gameplay behaviors, which suggests that we may not have successfully induced a state of mindfulness or that mindfulness is not beneficial for learning within digital learning games. We discuss the challenges of incorporating individual mindfulness meditations in elementary and middle school classrooms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArtificial Intelligence in Education - 23rd International Conference, AIED 2022, Proceedings
EditorsMaria Mercedes Rodrigo, Noburu Matsuda, Alexandra I. Cristea, Vania Dimitrova
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9783031116445
ISBN (Print)9783031116438
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2022
Event23rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2022 - Durham, United Kingdom
Duration: 27 Jul 202231 Jul 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13355 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference23rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • decimal numbers
  • digital learning games
  • middle school math
  • mindfulness


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