Investigating the Epidemiology of Medication Errors in Adults in Community Care Settings: A Retrospective Cohort Study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Ghadah Assiri, Abdullah HM Alkhenizan, Salma A. Al-Khani, Mary Grant, Aziz Sheikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the period prevalence and risk factors for clinically important prescription and monitoring errors among adults managed in community care in Saudi Arabia (SA).

METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used electronic health record (HER) data. A random sample comprising of 2,000 adults (≥18 years old) visiting Family Medicine clinics in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (KFSH & RC), Riyadh, SA, was selected. Data collection took 3 months (October December 2017). Descriptive analyses and logistic regression modeling were performed using STATA (version 14) statistical software. Results: The overall period prevalence of medication errors over 15 months was 8.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.5-9.7). Risk factors that significantly predicted overall risk of patients experiencing one or more medication errors were: age ≥65 years, male gender, Saudi nationality, and polypharmacy (defined as the concurrent use of ≥5 drugs).

CONCLUSIONS: Clinically important medication errors were commonly observed in relation to both drug prescription and monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-167
JournalSaudi Medical Journal
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

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