Investigation of the undrained poroelastic response of sandstones to confining pressure via laboratory experiment, numerical simulation and analytical calculation

G. Blocher, D. Bruhn, G. Zimmermann, C. I. McDermott, E. Huenges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To describe the poroelastic behaviour of sandstones, two factors have to be considered: the grain structure and the pore volume included. Changes in these two factors through diagenetic processes, tectonic loading or other forces lead to different results. Often external stresses induce a compaction of the rock and, therefore, a reduction of pore volume and an increased fluid pressure. Under undrained conditions, the largest pore pressure response can be observed. Besides the Biot coefficient, the Skempton coefficient (B) is one of the most important variables of elastic rock deformation, as it describes the pore pressure change related to the acting stresses. This study shows three ways of determining the Skempton coefficient and gives evidence of its pressure dependence. First, the undrained poroelastic response of a Bentheimer sandstone sample to confining pressure change was measured. Second, a thin-section micrograph was transferred into a finite-element model, including a discretization of the grain structure and the pore space. Finally, the Skempton coefficient of a linear elastic hollow sphere was calculated to prove the laboratory experiment and the numerical simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-87
JournalGeological Society Special Publications
Volume284
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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