Investigation of variability among mouse aggregation chimaeras and X-chromosome inactivation mosaics

J D West, T Bücher, I M Linke, M Dünnwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mouse aggregation chimaeras were produced by aggregating C3H/HeH and C3H/HeHa-Pgk-1a/Ws embryos. At mid-term the proportions of the two cell populations in these conceptuses and the X-inactivation mosaic female progeny of C3H/HeH female X C3H/HeHa-Pgk-1a/Ws male matings were estimated using quantitative electrophoresis of phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK-1) allozymes. The percentage of PGK-1B was more variable in the foetus, amnion and yolk sac mesoderm of the chimaeras than in the corresponding tissues of the mosaic conceptuses. Positive correlations were found for the percentage of PGK-1B between these three primitive ectoderm tissues in both chimaeras and mosaics and between the two primitive endoderm tissues (yolk sac endoderm and parietal endoderm) of the chimaeras. There was no significant correlation between the primitive ectoderm and primitive endoderm tissues of the chimaeras. The results suggest that unequal allocation of cell populations to the primitive ectoderm and primitive endoderm considerably increases the variability among chimaeras but variation probably exists before this segregation occurs. The variation that arises before and at this allocation event is present before X-chromosome inactivation occurs in the primitive ectoderm lineage and explains why the proportions of the two cell populations are more variable among chimaeras than mosaics. Additional variation arises within the primitive ectoderm lineage, after X-inactivation. This variation may be greater in chimaeras than mosaics but the evidence is inconclusive. The results also have some bearing on the nature of the allocation of cells to the primitive ectoderm and primitive endoderm lineages and the timing of X-chromosome inactivation in the primitive ectoderm lineage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-29
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of embryology and experimental morphology
Volume84
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1984

Keywords

  • Amnion
  • Animals
  • Blastocyst
  • Cell Aggregation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chimera
  • Dosage Compensation, Genetic
  • Fetus
  • Genetic Variation
  • Germ Layers
  • Mice
  • Mosaicism
  • Phosphoglycerate Kinase
  • Yolk Sac

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