Abstract / Description of output
The Kızıldağ (Hatay) ophiolite in southern Turkey represents a complete, although fault-dissected, remnant of oceanic lithosphere that formed within the South Tethyan ocean during the late Cretaceous. The Kızıldağ forms part of the Upper Cretaceous belt which includes the Troodos (Cyprus), Baer-Bassit (Syria), Amanos (S Tukey), S Iran and Semail (Oman) ophiolites. Ion-probe (SIMS) dating of seven samples of crustal rocks (cumulate gabbro, isotropic gabbro and isolated dykes in mantle tectonite), and a plagiogranite intrusion provides important clues concerning the temporal development of the emplaced oceanic crust. Single grain 206Pb/238U dates that overlap within analytical uncertainty for four samples, including the plagiogranite (93.83 ± 0.46 Ma), the isotropic gabbro (92.9 ± 0.52 Ma) and the isolated dykes (92.54 ± 0.44 Ma to 93.6 ± 0.75 Ma), are interpreted as magmatic crystallisation ages, and suggest that the Kızıldağ ophiolite formed within 1-2 Ma. Three other samples with single grain 206Pb/238U dates that are outside the range of analytical uncertainty yielded nearly identical lower intercept ages of 94.2 ± 2.5 Ma to 94.4 ± 0.97 Ma for two cumulate gabbros and 90.0 ± 6.4 Ma for an isotropic gabbro. Comparison of the new and published radiometric ages of the Kızıldağ suggest that this ophiolite is ∼1.5 Ma older than previously believed, and is similar to the crystallisation ages of plagiogranites from the Troodos (Cyprus) and the Semail (Oman) ophiolites. The new age data emphasise the value of dating a range of ophiolitic rocks. Geochemically, the crustal rocks of the Kızıldağ ophiolite formed from boninitic magmas (cumulate gabbros and isolated dykes) and from island arc tholeiitic magmas (isotropic gabbro). The new whole-rock chemical data support a subduction-initiation (fore-arc) setting for the Kızıldağ ophiolite, in common with the Troodos, Semail, Baër-Bassit and other Upper Cretaceous ophiolites of the South-Tethyan region.