Is the effectiveness of memory assessment services associated with their structural and process characteristics?

Min Hae Park*, Nick Black, Craig W. Ritchie, A A Jolijn Hendriks, Sarah C. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate whether structural and process characteristics of memory assessment services (MASs) are associated with outcomes (changes in patients' health-related quality of life (HRQL), carers' HRQL and carers' burden) over the first 6months following the first appointment.

MethodsData from 785 patients referred to 69 MASs and 511 of their lay carers, collected at the first appointment and 6months later. Data on MAS characteristics were collected using a questionnaire at baseline. We used multilevel linear regression models to explore the associations of patients' HRQL and carers' outcomes with structural and process characteristics of MASs. Analyses were conducted on the full sample of patients and carers, and separately on those patients diagnosed with dementia.

ResultsNone of the structural (skill mix, workload, volume, provision of clinical assessments and provision of psychosocial support) or process (waiting time, length and number of appointments, anti-dementia drug use and psychosocial interventions use) characteristics included in the analyses were associated with patients' or carers' outcomes at 6months, apart from the presence of allied health professionals (AHPs), which was associated with a DEMQOL score 2.7 points higher. When only those with a diagnosis of dementia were considered, the association with presence of AHPs was no longer observed.

ConclusionsApart from involving AHPs, alterations to the way MASs are structured or function appear unlikely to improve their effectiveness in improving patients' and carers' HRQL. It is possible that the characteristics of MASs may influence patients' and carers' experience, but this was not studied. Copyright (c) 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number1
Early online date7 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


  • Dementia
  • memory assessment services
  • memory clinics
  • health-related quality of life
  • caregiver burden


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