ISAba825 controls the expression of the chromosomal blaOXA-51-like and the plasmid borne blaOXA-58 gene in clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from the USA

B. S. Lopes, L. Al-Hassan, S. G. B. Amyes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clin Microbiol Infect 2012; 18: E446E451 Abstract Four non-repetitive, clonally related (ST114), carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated in the USA were examined to understand the mechanisms of carbapenem resistance including screening for the presence of an insertion sequence upstream of the blaOXA-51-like gene, which could be involved in the control and expression of the antibiotic-resistance gene. We observed that the main mechanisms of carbapenem resistance were the result of the over-expression of the blaOXA-58-like and the blaOXA-65 gene, both of which had the presence of ISAba825 upstream of the genes. The importance of this element was shown by isolating plasmid-cured isogenic strains that had lost the plasmid with the ISAba825-blaOXA-58-like genes but during that same process also lost the chromosomal ISAba825 element present upstream of the blaOXA-65 gene. A 16-fold decrease in minimum inhibitory concentration of imipenem and an eight-fold decrease in the minimum inhibitory concentration of meropenem were seen in the isogenic strains that lost the plasmid. The study presents the first report of ISAba825 simultaneously governing the blaOXA-65 gene and the blaOXA-58-like gene expression and also highlights the importance of this element in carbapenem-sensitive isogenic strains, which were once carbapenem resistant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E446-E451
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • BLA(OXA-58)
  • ACQUISITION
  • gene environment
  • MOBILIZATION
  • CARBAPENEM RESISTANCE
  • PCR
  • ss-lactamases
  • FAMILY
  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • carbapenems
  • insertion sequences
  • STRAINS
  • TRANSPOSITION
  • ELEMENTS

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