Iterative dynamics-based mesh discretisation for multi-scale coastal ocean modelling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Flow in coastal waters contains multi-scale flow features that are generated by flow separation, shear-layer instabilities, bottom roughness and topographic form. Depending on the target application, the mesh design used for coastal ocean modelling needs to adequately resolve flow features pertinent to the study objectives. We investigate an iterative mesh design strategy, inspired by hydrokinetic resource assessment, that uses modelled dynamics to refine the mesh across key flow features, and a target number of elements to constrain mesh density. The method is solver-agnostic. Any quantity derived from the model output can be used to set the mesh density constraint. To illustrate and assess the method, we consider the cases of steady and transient flow past the same idealised headland, providing dynamic responses that are pertinent to multi-scale ocean modelling. This study demonstrates the capability of an iterative approach to define a mesh density that concentrates mesh resolution across areas of interest dependent on model forcing, leading to improved predictive skill. Multiple design quantities can be combined to construct the mesh density, refinement can be applied to multiple regions across the model domain, and convergence can be managed through the number of degrees of freedom set by the target number of mesh elements. To apply the method optimally, an understanding of the processes being model is required when selecting and combining the design quantities. We discuss opportunities and challenges for robustly establishing model resolution in multi-scale coastal ocean models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-334
JournalJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
Volume10
Issue number2
Early online date23 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Coastal ocean modelling
  • Dynamics based
  • Multi-scale
  • Tidal
  • Unstructured mesh design

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