Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–80)

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Abstract

This entry provides an overview of Sartre’s developing and ongoing relationship with Marxism throughout his career. In particular, it highlights the fact that numerous areas of overlap can be clearly identified with Marxism in Sartre’s work much earlier than has often been argued. The presence of Marxist concepts can be traced back to at least 1940 in Sartre’s writings and his subsequent preoccupation with ethics throughout that decade also bears the influence of Marx and in particular Trotsky. Sartre’s existentialist Marxist magnum opus The Critique of Dialectical Reason offered a conceptually innovative reformulation of many central Marxist theses and was, it is argued, the logical outcome and flowering of many of the arguments advanced and developed by Sartre over the preceding two decades.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Marxism and Post-Marxism
EditorsAlex Callinicos, Stathis Kouvelakis, Lucia Pradella
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter23
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781315149608
ISBN (Print)9781138555525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Sartre
  • existentialism
  • Marxism
  • psychoanlaysis
  • dialectic of history

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