John Erskine, Earl of Mar: Architecture, Landscape & Industry: In 'Sir William Bruce and Architecture in Early Modern Scotland'

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Abstract

This paper briefly introduces the political background to Lord Mar’s belief that economic and industrial developments were the preconditions for the restoration of Scotland’s political autonomy following the Act of Union of 1707. It defines the term Scottish Historical Landscape, and describes
and places Mar’s design for his estate at Alloa in Clackmannanshire in the stylistic context of formal landscaping c.1700. There is a description of the
Gartmorn System, a hydraulic engineering scheme devised for Mar by George Sorocold, the technology it used and its impact on industrial development in
Clackmannanshire. Another scheme for supplying water to Alloa was designed by a French engineer and this is also described. The Alloa plan included forestry plantations, a new road network for the movement of coal to the harbour and harbour improvements. Mar was also aware of the need to house the population and to develop different areas for dwelling and industry. The ideas behind this
complex scheme can be explained by an awareness of infrastructure planning in France and linked to Edward’s tour in 1700 and to other activities of the
Scottish Parliament before the union of 1707.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-116
JournalArchitectural Heritage
VolumeXXIII
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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