Justificar, fundamentar y pensar: Una reflexión sobre el uso de las bases fenomenológico existenciales en el enfoque humanista en Psicología

Translated title of the contribution: To justify, to ground and to think: A reflection on the use of phenomenological-existential bases within the humanistic approach in psychology

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Abstract / Description of output

This article draws on the contributions of authors who have devoted to think about the foundations of the humanistic approach in psychology, such as: Villegas, Quitmann, Gendlin, Moreira, Martinez, Kriz, Gondra, Capra, Sassenfeld andMoncada, to reflect on the uses that they have given to the phenomenological-existential bases in the humanistic approach. Thus, the principles of major representatives like Maslow, Rogers, Gendlin and Perls; are analyzed. From such a critical reflection, it is suggested a distinction among justifying, grounding, and thinking, as three uses that are given to the phenomenological-existential bases in the humanistic approach in psychology. The article elaborates on the fact that,in turn, these uses represent different ways of approaching knowledge: justifying deals with the use of the philosophical basis for academic validation. Grounding relates to the use of the philosophical basis for structuring the theory. Thinking has to do with the use of grounding in a dialogical way to keep reasoning. It is concluded the fact that there is an implicit objectivist and atomistic Cartesian thought when using the phenomenological-existential basis only at the level of justification. Here it is proposed that some humanistic psychologists do not apply phenomenological existentialist philosophical principles to their postulates even though they assert on having such bases. Finally, the importance of thinking psychology dialogically as to questioning the theory and make progress in knowledge is highlighted.
Translated title of the contributionTo justify, to ground and to think: A reflection on the use of phenomenological-existential bases within the humanistic approach in psychology
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)159-174
JournalRevista Colombiana de Ciencias Sociales
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • fenomenología
  • existentialismo
  • escuelas psicológicas
  • psicología humanística
  • filosofía
  • filosofía de la psicología

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