The discovery of a new human herpesvirus in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) tissue of patients with AIDS has opened up new vistas in virology and oncology. This herpesvirus was first descriptively named KS-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), but was recently renamed human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8). KSHV/HHV8 DNA has been found in all forms of KS, suggesting that it might be involved in the pathogenesis of KS. In addition, KSHV/HHV8 can be detected in both malignant and benign lymphoproliferative disease. KSHV/HHV8 was also found in patients with angiosarcoma of the face and angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. Although only a limited portion of the virus has been sequenced, KSHV/HHV8 is equipped with genes that could confer oncogenic potential. The virus can now be cultured, providing the possibility for studies of viral replication and the mode of transmission. The recently developed serologic assays for antiviral antibodies suggest that infection with KSHV/HHV8 is not ubiquitous because KSHV/HHV8 seropositivity is limited to a small proportion of the population.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the american academy of dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|