KiDS-1000: cosmic shear with enhanced redshift calibration

J. L. van den Busch*, A. H. Wright, H. Hildebrandt, M. Bilicki, M. Asgari, S. Joudaki, C. Blake, C. Heymans, A. Kannawadi, H. Y. Shan, T. Tröster

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We present a cosmic shear analysis with an improved redshift calibration for the fourth data release of the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS-1000) using self-organising maps (SOMs). Compared to the previous analysis of the KiDS-1000 data, we expand the redshift calibration sample to more than twice its size, now consisting of data of 17 spectroscopic redshift campaigns, and significantly extending the fraction of KiDS galaxies we are able to calibrate with our SOM redshift methodology. We then enhance the calibration sample with precision photometric redshifts from COSMOS2015 and the Physics of the Accelerated Universe Survey (PAUS), allowing us to fill gaps in the spectroscopic coverage of the KiDS data. Finally we perform a Complete Orthogonal Sets of E/B-Integrals (COSEBIs) cosmic shear analysis of the newly calibrated KiDS sample. We find S8=0.748+0.021−0.025, which is in good agreement with previous KiDS studies and increases the tension with measurements of the cosmic microwave background to 3.4{\sigma}. We repeat the redshift calibration with different subsets of the full calibration sample and obtain, in all cases, agreement within at most 0.5{\sigma} in S8 compared to our fiducial analysis. Including additional photometric redshifts allows us to calibrate an additional 6 % of the source galaxy sample. Even though further systematic testing with simulated data is necessary to quantify the impact of redshift outliers, precision photometric redshifts can be beneficial at high redshifts and to mitigate selection effects commonly found in spectroscopically selected calibration samples.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA170
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • gravitational lensing: weak
  • surveys


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