Kinetics of a Ni/Ir-Photocatalyzed Coupling of ArBr with RBr: Intermediacy of ArNiII(L)Br and Rate/Selectivity Factors

Yael Ben-tal, Guy C. Lloyd-jones

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Abstract / Description of output

The Ni/Ir-photocatalyzed coupling of an aryl bromide (ArBr) with an alkyl bromide (RBr) has been analyzed using in situ LED-19F NMR spectroscopy. Four components (light, [ArBr], [Ni], [Ir]) are found to control the rate of ArBr consumption, but not the product selectivity, while two components ([(TMS)3SiH], [RBr]) independently control the product selectivity, but not the rate. A major resting state of nickel has been identified as ArNiII(L)Br, and 13C-isotopic entrainment is used to show that the complex undergoes Ir-photocatalyzed conversion to products (Ar-R, Ar-H, Ar-solvent) in competition with the release of ArBr. A range of competing absorption and quenching effects lead to complex correlations between the Ir and Ni catalyst loadings and the reaction rate. Differences in the Ir/Ni Beer–Lambert absorption profiles allow the rate to be increased by the use of a shorter-wavelength light source without compromising the selectivity. A minimal kinetic model for the process allows simulation of the reaction and provides insights for optimization of these processes in the laboratory.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Early online date15 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Aug 2022

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