BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a common condition in the emergency department (ED). Lactate measurement is an important part of management: arterial lactate (A-LACT) measurement is the gold standard. There is increasing use of peripheral venous lactate (PV-LACT); however, there is little research supporting the interchangeability of the two measures.If PV-LACT has good agreement with A-LACT, it would significantly reduce patient discomfort and the risks of arterial sampling for a large group of acutely unwell patients, while allowing faster and wider screening, with potential reduced costs to the healthcare system.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the agreement between PV-LACT and A-LACT in septic patients attending the ED.
METHODS: We carried out a prospective observational cohort study of 304 consented patients presenting with sepsis to a single UK NHS ED (110 000 adult attendances annually) taking paired PV-LACT and A-LACT. Bland-Altman analysis was carried out to determine agreement. Receiver operating characteristic curves and 2×2 tables were constructed to explore the predictive value of PV-LACT for A-LACT.
RESULTS: The mean difference (PV-LACT-A-LACT) is 0.4 mmol/l [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.37-0.45], with 95% limits of agreement from -0.4 (95% CI: -0.45 to -0.32) to 1.2 (95% CI: 1.14-1.27). A PV-LACT of at least 2 mmol/l predicts an A-LACT of at least 2 with 100% sensitivity (95% CI: 89-100%) and 83% specificity (95% CI: 77-87%).
CONCLUSION: This study is the largest comparing the two measurements, and shows good clinical agreement. We recommend using PV-LACT in the routine screening of septic patients. A PV-LACT less than 2 mmol/l is predictive of an A-LACT less than 2 mmol/l.
|Journal||European journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine|
|Early online date||6 Dec 2016|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 6 Dec 2016|