Left rostrolateral prefrontal cortex lesions reduce suicidal ideation in penetrating traumatic brain injury

Matteo Pardini, Jordan Grafman*, Vanessa Raymont, Mario Amore, Gianluca Serafini, Michael Koenigs, Frank Krueger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives.The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between suicidal ideation (SI), structural brain damage, and cognitive deficits in patients with penetrating traumatic brain injury (pTBI).Methods.Vietnam War veterans (n = 142) with pTBI to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) underwent combination of neuropsychological and psychiatric examinations and non-contrast CT brain scan. Patients were divided into SI positive (SI+) and SI negative (SI-) groups according to the SI item of the Beck Depression Inventory.Results.Lesions to the left rostrolateral PFC (rlPFC) were associated with a lower risk of SI independent of depression and global functioning. Left rlPFC lesion also reduced abstract reasoning skills, which mediated the lesion effects on suicide ideation.Conclusions.The left rlPFC plays a crucial role in SI independently of depression and global functioning.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCNS Spectrums
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • cognition
  • frontal lobe
  • Suicidality
  • traumatic brain injury

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