BACKGROUND: Left ventricular thrombus formation is a complication of acute myocardial infarction. However, the incidence and risk of systemic thromboembolism in the era of primary angioplasty for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unclear. This study aims to determine clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI treated with primary angioplasty and left ventricular thrombus at 1 year.
METHODS: Patients who underwent primary angioplasty for STEMI and had a transthoracic echocardiogram were recruited. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality, stroke, and systemic thromboembolism at 1 year. For the primary endpoint, the difference between the presence and absence of left ventricular thrombus was compared using a logistic regression, adjusting for minimization variables including age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and previous stroke.
RESULTS: Of 2608 patients who underwent primary angioplasty for STEMI, 1645 (63%) patients had a transthoracic echocardiogram performed during the index hospital admission. Forty patients (2.4%) had evidence of left ventricular thrombus on transthoracic echocardiography. Patients with left ventricular thrombus were more likely to develop atrial fibrillation in the immediate postinfarction period (6 [15%] vs 87 [5.4%], P = 0.025). At 1 year, the primary endpoint occurred in 4 (10%) patients with left ventricular thrombus and 146 (9.1%) who did not (logistic regression hazard ratio 0.79, 95% confidence interval 0.23-2.70).
CONCLUSIONS: In the contemporary era of mechanical reperfusion for STEMI, echocardiographic detection of left ventricular thrombus was observed in <3% patients. The presence of left ventricular thrombus was not associated with an increased risk of systemic thromboembolism.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2019|