Legal provocations for HCI in the design and development of trustworthy autonomous systems

Lachlan D. Urquhart, Glenn McGarry, Andy Crabtree

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We propose a series of legal provocations emerging from the proposed European Union Artificial Intelligence Act 2021 (AIA) and explore how they open up new possibilities for HCI in the design and development of trustworthy autonomous systems. The AIA continues the‘by design’ trend seen in recent EU regulation of emerging technologies. The AIA targets AI developments that pose risks to society and citizens’ fundamental rights, introducing mandatory design and development requirements for high-risk AI systems (HRAIS). These requirements regulate different stages of the AI development cycle including ensuring data quality and governance strategies, mandating testing of systems, ensuring appropriate risk management, designing for human oversight, and creating technical documentation. These requirements open up new opportunities for HCI that reach beyond established concerns with the ethics and explainability of AI and situate AI development in human-centered processes and methods of design to enable compliance with regulation and foster societal trust in AI.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (NordiCHI’22)
Subtitle of host publicationAarhus, Denmark 8th – 12th October, 2022
PublisherACM
Pages1-12
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781450396998
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • European Union AI Act (AIA)
  • trustworthy AI
  • mandatory design and development requirements

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