The paradigmatic ‘migrant’ in China is a worker of rural origin, but more than 30% of the one-fifth of the population living and working away from their place of hukou registration are inter-urban migrants, a group mostly neglected by scholars. Based on ethnographic observation and interviews from two Chinese cities – one on the coast, one in the impoverished interior – this article examines how a range of types of migrants deal with citizenship and mobility. It shows that a key criterion for being able to settle in a new place and gain access to local social citizenship is migrants’ level of ‘culture,’ expressed primarily through formal education. Linking access to local citizenship for migrants to their ‘cultural quality’ goes largely unquestioned, as it is connected to the legitimacy of education as a means of differentiating among citizens more generally. This logic shapes family migration strategies as parents seek to ensure that their children will receive an education that enables access to the kinds of good jobs and benefits that enable full citizenship wherever they live.
|Number of pages||18|
|Early online date||26 Jul 2017|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2017|
- internal migration
- mobile citizenship
- hukou registration
- social citizenship
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Legitimating exclusion and inclusion: ‘Culture’, education and entitlement to local urban citizenship in Tianjin and Lanzhou'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- School of Social and Political Science - Chancellor's Fellow (Senior Lecturer)
- Global Justice Academy
Person: Academic: Research Active