Lengthening the moment arm of the patella confers enhanced extensor mechanism power following total knee arthroplasty

David F Hamilton, Hamish Simpson, Richard Burnett, James T Patton, Matthew Moran, Nicholas D Clement, Colin R Howie, Paul Gaston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated whether a postulated biomechanical advantage conferred to the extensor mechanism by a change in knee implant design was detectable in patients by direct physical testing. 212 TKA patients were enrolled in a double blind randomized controlled trial to receive either a traditional implant or one which incorporated new design features. Extensor mechanism power output and physical performance on a battery of timed functional activities was assessed pre-operatively and then at 6, 26, and 52 weeks post-operatively. Significantly enhanced power output was observed in both groups post-arthroplasty; however, the new design implant group demonstrated a greater change in power output than the traditional implant group. Posthoc testing of between group differences highlighted greater improvement at all post-operative assessments. At 52 weeks, patients receiving the implant with the postulated biomechanical advantage achieved 116% of the power output of their contralateral limb, whereas patients with the traditional design achieved 90%. No between group difference was detected in the patient's time to complete functional tasks. Thus, patients receiving a knee implant of a modern design (theoretically able to confer a mechanical advantage to the extensor mechanism) were found to generate significantly greater extensor power than those receiving a traditional implant without the postulated mechanical advantage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1201-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint
  • Movement
  • Muscle Contraction
  • Muscle Strength
  • Patella
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Recovery of Function

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