Porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD), a major global problem for pork producers, is characterized microscopically by depletion and histiocytic replacement of follicles in the lymphoid tissues. The objectives of this study were to determine 1) if Porcine circovirus-2 (PCV-2) inoculated mice (Mus musculus) can develop PCV-2 associated lymphoid lesions and serve as a model for PCVAD, and 2) if differences in PCV-2 host susceptibility exist among mice lines. Three groups (n = 48/group) of 4-wk-old male mice were used: BALB/c, C57BL/6, and C3H/HeJ. A 2 x 2 factorial analysis was designed for each group using PCV-2 inoculation and keyhole limpet hemocyanin in incomplete Freund's adjuvant injections on day 0 and 7 as factors. Necropsies were performed on days 12, 17, 22, 27, 32, and 37. Serum samples collected at each necropsy tested negative for anti-IgG PCV-2 antibodies in all mice at all time points by 2 different PCV-2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). The PCV-2 DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 93% (100/108) of tissues and 42.6% (46/108) of serum samples from PCV-2-inoculated mice from days 12 to 37. Microscopic lesions consistent with PCV-2 infection were not observed in any mice and PCV-2 DNA and PCV-2 antigen were not detected in tissues by in-situ-hybridization or immunohistochemistry assays, respectively. Based on incidence of PCV-2 DNA in serum samples, the C57BL/6 mouse line was more resistant to PCV-2 infection than the other lines. The results indicate the mouse model likely has limited utility to advance understanding of the pathogenesis of PCV-2 associated lesions, but mice could potentially be important in the epidemiology of PCV-2.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Can J Vet Res|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2009|