Lined rock caverns: A hydrogen storage solution

Mohammad Masoudi*, Aliakbar Hassanpouryouzband, Helge Hellevang, R. Stuart Haszeldine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The inherent intermittency of renewable energy sources frequently leads to variable power outputs, challenging the reliability of our power supply. An evolving approach to mitigate these inconsistencies is the conversion of excess energy into hydrogen. Yet, the pursuit of safe and efficient hydrogen storage methods endures. In this perspective paper, we conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the potential of lined rock caverns (LRCs) for hydrogen storage. We provide a detailed exploration of all system components and their associated challenges. While LRCs have demonstrated effectiveness in storing various materials, their suitability for hydrogen storage remains a largely uncharted territory. Drawing from empirical data and practical applications, we delineate the unique challenges entailed in employing LRCs for hydrogen storage. Additionally, we identify promising avenues for advancement and underscore crucial research directions to unlock the full potential of LRCs in hydrogen storage applications. The foundational infrastructure and associated risks of large-scale hydrogen storage within LRCs necessitate thorough examination. This work not only highlights challenges but also prospects, with the aim of accelerating the realization of this innovative storage technology on a practical, field-scale level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110927
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Early online date17 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Geological Hydrogen Storage
  • Hydrogen Storage
  • Lined Rock Cavern
  • Rock Cavern's Lining System
  • Subsurface Energy Storage


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