Linked Data Notifications: A Resource-Centric Communication Protocol

Sarven Capadisli, Amy Guy, Christoph Lange, Sören Auer, Andrei Sambra, Tim Berners-Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this article we describe the Linked Data Notifications (LDN) protocol, which is a W3C Candidate Recommendation. Notifications are sent over the Web for a variety of purposes, for example, by social applications. The information contained within a notification is structured arbitrarily, and typically only usable by the application which generated it in the first place. In the spirit of Linked Data, we propose that notifications should be reusable by multiple authorised applications. Through separating the concepts of senders, receivers and consumers of notifications, and leveraging Linked Data principles of shared vocabularies and URIs, LDN provides a building block for decentralised Web applications. This permits end users more freedom to switch between the online tools they use, as well as generating greater value when notifications from different sources can be used in combination. We situate LDN alongside related initiatives, and discuss additional considerations such as security and abuse prevention measures. We evaluate the protocol’s effectiveness by analysing multiple, independent implementations, which pass a suite of formal tests and can be demonstrated interoperating with each other. To experience the described features please open this document in your Web browser under its canonical URI: .
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Semantic Web: 14th International Conference, ESWC 2017, Portorož, Slovenia, May 28 – June 1, 2017, Proceedings, Part I
EditorsEva Blomqvist, Diana Maynard, Aldo Gangemi, Rinke Hoekstra, Pascal Hitzler, Olaf Hartig
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer, Cham
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-58068-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-58067-8
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 May 2017
Event14th ESWC 2017 - Portoroz, Slovenia
Duration: 28 May 20171 Jun 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer, Cham
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


Conference14th ESWC 2017
Abbreviated titleESWC 2017
Internet address


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