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Dense suspensions often become more dilute as they move downstream through a constriction. We find that as a shear-thickening suspension is extruded through a narrow die and undergoes such liquid migration, the extrudate maintains a steady concentration ϕLMout, independent of time or initial concentration. At low volumetric flow rate Q, ϕLMout is a universal function of Q/r3d, a characteristic shear rate in the die of radius rd, and coincides with the critical input concentration for the onset of LM, ϕcritin. We predict this function by coupling the Wyart-Cates model for shear thickening and the “suspension balance model” for solvent permeation through particles.
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- 1 Finished
1/09/16 → 24/07/20