Liquid slip over gas nanofilms

Srinivasa Ramisetti, Matthew Borg, Duncan A. Lockerby, Jason Reese

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We propose the rarefied gas-cushion model (r-GCM), as an extended version of the gas-cushion model (GCM), to estimate the apparent slip of water flowing over a gas layer trapped at a solid surface. Nanobubbles or gas nanofilms may manifest rarefied gas effects, and the r-GCM incorporates kinetic boundary conditions for the gas component in the slip Knudsen regime. These enable an apparent hydrodynamic slip length to be calculated given the gas thickness, the Knudsen number and the bulk fluid viscosities. We assess the r-GCM through non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations of shear-driven liquid flow over an infinite gas nanofilm covering a solid surface, from the gas slip regime to the early transition regime, beyond which NEMD is computationally impractical. We find that, over the flow regimes examined, the r-GCM provides better predictions of the apparent liquid slip, and retrieves both the GCM and the free-molecular behaviour in the appropriate limits.
Original languageEnglish
Article number084003
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2017


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