Loss of SORCS2 is Associated with Neuronal DNA Double-Strand Breaks

Katerina O Gospodinova, Ditte Olsen, Mathias Kaas, Susan M Anderson, Jonathan Phillips, Rosie M Walker, Mairead L Bermingham, Abigail L Payne, Panagiotis Giannopoulos, Divya Pandya, Tara L Spires-Jones, Catherine M Abbott, David J Porteous, Simon Glerup, Kathryn L Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

SORCS2 is one of five proteins that constitute the Vps10p-domain receptor family. Members of this family play important roles in cellular processes linked to neuronal survival, differentiation and function. Genetic and functional studies implicate SORCS2 in cognitive function, as well as in neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. DNA damage and DNA repair deficits are linked to ageing and neurodegeneration, and transient neuronal DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) also occur as a result of neuronal activity. Here, we report a novel role for SORCS2 in DSB formation. We show that SorCS2 loss is associated with elevated DSB levels in the mouse dentate gyrus and that knocking out SORCS2 in a human neuronal cell line increased Topoisomerase IIβ-dependent DSB formation and reduced neuronal viability. Neuronal stimulation had no impact on levels of DNA breaks in vitro, suggesting that the observed differences may not be the result of aberrant neuronal activity in these cells. Our findings are consistent with studies linking the VPS10 receptors and DNA damage to neurodegenerative conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCellular and molecular neurobiology
Early online date6 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Nov 2021

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